Aviation Fuel

We have created together with European and Gulf refineries a partnership which gives us a strong worldwide presence, based on superior service, top quality of the product as well as expertise in international networking.

Using our network we supply top quality commodities, including Aviation fuels: AvGas 100ll, AvGas UL, Jet Fuel and enhanced specifications of Jet, meeting military specifications of NATO F-34 (JP8) which is designed for use in vehicles and tanks powered by diesel, in addition to airplanes, in times of emergency. In addition we source F-44 (JP5) widely used by the U.S. military. Such are being shipped and delivered to the most remote locations.

Our mutual aspirations are to deliver reliable, dependable and consistent supply chain, so our customers can have confidence in our services. We are currently expanding our distribution of these products to countries outside Europe, especially countries in Middle East, Far East and Africa.

The AvGas and Jet fuel variations are our top distributed products by volume, meeting Standard DEF STAN specs. At various stages, from refinery manufacturing to the final delivery to the aircraft fuel tank, fuel quality is checked to ensure that the fuel is clean and free from contamination.

 

Types of Aviation Fuels

The standard applies to two grades of aviation fuel (Turbine – military NATO grades F‑34 (JP8), and F‑44 (JP5) and Piston Engine which uses mainly AvGas type of aviation fuel.

Grade F‑34 (JP8)

JP8 is the military equivalent of Jet A-1 with the addition of corrosion inhibitor and anti-icing additives; it meets the requirements of the U.S. Military Specification MIL-DTL-83133J. It is the dominant military jet fuel grade for NATO airforces. The UK also has a specification for this grade namely DEF STAN 91-87 (formerly DERD 2453). NATO Code F-34.

Grade F‑44 (JP5)

JP5 is a high flash point kerosine meeting the requirements of the U.S. Military Specification MIL-DTL-5624U Grade JP-5. The UK Military specification for this grade is DEF STAN 91-86 AVCAT/FSII (formerly DERD 2452). This is primarily jet fuel for use in aircraft carriers. NATO Code F-44.

Summarising these two grades, Grade F‑34 is a kerosene-type aviation turbine fuel, and grade F-44 is a high-flash kerosene-type aviation turbine fuel. Kerosene-type aviation turbine fuels are distillates with a minimum flash point of 38°C and high-flash type aviation turbine fuels are distillates with a minimum flash point of 60°C.

Avgas 100LL

This grade is the lower lead version of Avgas 100. Low lead is a relative term. There is still up to 0.56 g/litre of lead in Avgas 100LL. This grade is listed in the same specifications as Avgas 100, namely ASTM D 910 and UK DEF STAN 91-90. Avgas 100LL is dyed blue and is the main grade of Avgas used worldwide.

Avgas UL91

Compositionally this grade is somewhat comparable with Avgas 100LL but with a zero lead content, which results in a lower octane rating of 91MON. Avgas UL91 is specified in ASTM D7547. Avgas UL91 differs principally from both Avgas UL87 and UL82 not only in the higher octane rating, but in lower vapour pressure (49kPa max compared with 60kPa max in ASTM D6227) and that oxygenates such as ethers are not permitted. In common with all other current Avgas specifications, ASTM D7547 does not permit the use of alcohols such as ethanol.

 

Delivery Terms

We can deliver fuel in various packing forms i.e.:

  • 40’ (foot) containers fully loaded with 152 drums/barrels of 216.5 liter capacity or
  • 20’ (foot) containers fully loaded with 80 drums/barrels of 216.5 liter capacity or
  • BFCs – ISO containers, or
  • by road in 33,000 litre road truck tanks – approx 9,000 US Gallons (the last option is only available throughout Europe, Turkey and Middle East).

In case of AvGas our preferable method for distributions outside Europe are 20′ and 40’ containers, fully loaded with the drums/barrels, as it reduces the risk of moving drums inside the container during the transporation.

Inside each 20′ (foot) container we load 80 drums and in case of 40′ (foot) container, there will be 152 drums/barrels containing 200 liters of AvGas. Some clients prefer this option, as once they get to the final destination they already have the fuel in the drums/barrels for retail distribution.

Please contact us for a quote and with any questions you might have……

Product Aviation Gasoline
Type AVGAS100LL
Standards DEF STAN 91-90, latest issue  
Origin European
Contract Period Open for discussion; up to 12 months 
Quantity Minimum 16,000 liters  ( 80 drums) 
Quantity Available Max 60.000 MT (metric ton) per annum 
Delivery Term CIF / CFR other incoterms can be arranged
Port of Discharge Rotterdam, Gdynia or Gdansk
Packing Various: 216.5 liter drums/barrels, ISO container  
Payment Payable 100% at loading sight against presentation of required documents.
Price TBA USD per liter 
Weight factor 1 MT = approx 1388 liters of AvGas 100 LL per metric tone
Documents Following documents are requested to be presented for payment on shipment:

  1. Bill of Lading marked “freight prepaid”.
  2. Certificate of Conformity issued by Air Force Institute of Technology
  3. Certificate of Origin issued by or endorsed by Chamber of Commerce of the country of origin.
  4. Signed Commercial Invoice.
  5. Weight/packing list.
  6. Certificate of Quality issued by refinery

In terms of ISO tank containers we primarily cooperate with shipping agents such as BulkGlobal, Den Hartogh and Stolt Tank Containers (STC), which are the world’s leading providers of logistics and transportation services for door-to-door shipments of bulk-liquid products. Global fleet of these tank providers are by far the world’s largest, with more than 90,000 units.

With more than 25 years of experience in the logistics industry, we feel very comfortable with managing dispatches through their supply chains, minimising our client’s costs and increase efficiency.

STOLT ISO tank containers

Characteristics

The aviation gasoline Avgas 100LL is a mixture of hydrocarbons prepared by the processing of crude oil. Aviation gasoline can contain antiknock, dye, antioxidant and anti-electrostatic.

Guaranteed Technical Properties

This gasoline meets the requirements of DEF STAN 91-90, latest issue.

Durability

Aviation gasoline should meet the above requirements within 24 months from the date of production, being subject to the proper storage.

Specification of AvGas 100LL:

Colour blue
Motor Octane Number min 99,5
Performance Number min 130
Distillation
–       Initial boiling point 0C report
–       10% vol. evaporated at 0C max 75
–       40% vol. evaporated at 0C min 75
–       50 % vol. evaporated at 0C max 105
–       90% vol. evaporated at 0C max 135
–       final boiling point 0C max 170
–       residue %vol. max 1,5
–       loss %vol. max 1,5
Sum of temperatures at 10 and 50 VPE 0C min 135
Sulfur total, (m/m) ppm max 500
Lead content gPb/l max 0,56 I
Density at 15°C kg/m3 report
Net heat of combustion MJ/kg min 43,5
Freezing point 0C max (-60 )
Corrosion copper strip 2h at    t=100 oC rating max 1
Existent gum mg/100ml max 3
Water reaction
–       Interface rating ml max 2
–       Volume changing ml max 2
Conductivity at 20°C, pS/m from 50 to 600
Vapour pressure, 37,8 oC kPa from 38 to 49
Oxidation stability at t= 100 OC, 16 h
Potential gum mg/100ml max 6
Precipitate, mg/100ml mg/100ml max 2

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